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Gestión del impacto de los visitantes

Turismo y medio ambiente en ciudades históricas. De la capacidad de acogida turística a la gestión de los flujos de visitantes

María García Hernández

Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2000

Dentro de las orientaciones sobre política urbana de la Unión Europea ganan fuerza las posiciones que abogan por la consideración ecosistémica de la ciudad. Documentos como el Libro Verde sobre el Medio Ambiente Urbano o el informe sobre Las Ciudades Europeas Sostenibles señalan la necesidad de incorporar la dimensión ambiental en toda política urbana dentro del marco de lo que se viene denominando sostenibilidad urbana. Este concepto se basa por una parte en los principios de la equidad y la eficiencia social y por otra en la salvaguardia de los recursos (naturales, patrimoniales, culturales) y la eficiencia medioambiental. Derivada de estos principios adquiere también importancia la denominada sostenibilidad turística. Esta dimensión del desarrollo sostenible es un aspecto muy relevante que tener en cuenta en las viejas ciudades europeas donde los recursos que sustentan la actividad turística, el patrimonio histórico-cultural en su dimensión más monumental, empieza a verse amenazado por la sobreexplotación turística de algunos de sus elementos más  destacados

 

Design of a Visitor Impact Management System for SCUBA diving areas in San Andres Island

Francisco Gallo Mejía, Alejandro Martínez Carvajal i Jorge Iván Ríos Patiño, 2002

Visitor Impact Management (V.I.M) is a management methodology designed to control the expected impact due to visitors in a given environment, which integrates the clean Production concept to tourism industry through sustainable use goals.

The Current coral deterioration has been attributed to diverse factors, including boat anchorage and scuba diving practices. Nevertheless, true effects of scuba diving, even must be characterized to design successful management strategies not negative compromising the economic  development neither coralline ecosystem health.

This is particularly important in San Andres Island recently declared as Biosphere Reserve “Sea Flower” by UNESCO. San Andres is a paradise for the scuba divers due to the clarity, warm temperature of its waters, its coral formations, as well as the derived publicity of being a marine protected area.

 

Sustainable Visitor Management System: A discussion paper

David Masters, Peter Scott and Graham Barrow, 2002

The management of visitors to countryside and heritage sites has challenged site managers for decades. Since the 1960s a number of approaches to visitor management have been devised and implemented, with varying degrees of success. There is now renewed interest in a more systematic approach to visitor management, driven by new directions in countryside and access policy, increasing public expectations, and the broader ‘sustainability’ agenda. This study revisits some of the key lessons that have been learnt over the last 30 years, and on the basis of this proposes a Sustainable Visitor Management System.

 

 

Meaningful Measures: Developing Indicators of Visitor Impact in the National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program

Christopher Monz i Yu-Fai Leung, 2006

The consequences of visitor use for natural resources is a common management concern in parks and protected areas. Managers are often charged with maintaining park resources in perpetuity while simultaneously allowing for an unconfined visitor experience. In order to meet this challenge, there is widespread agreement that monitoring trends in visitor use and resource condition is essential to inform the best management decisions. Designing, conducting, and processing information from monitoring programs is often a difficult charge, however, and all too often managers need to make decisions without adequate monitoring data. The problem is often exacerbated by an incomplete understanding of visitor mpact issues that invariably include ecological and human dimensions.

 



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SOBRE EL PROGRAMA HISTORIA NOTAS DE PRENSA Calle Isabel La Católica #154, Ciudad Colonial, Santo Domingo, RD
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