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Metodologías del impacto económico

Methodology for producing the 2010 WTTC/OE Travel & Tourism Economic Impact Research

Oxford Economics and World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC), 2010

This explains why the economic impact research developed by the World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) and its partner Oxford Economics (OE), which was designed to adapt to the changing needs of the Travel & Tourism industry and government leaders in the light of the fast-changing operating environment, is an essential tool – whether for private – or public-sector decisionmakers.

 

The Economic Impacts of Tourism

David PT Harcombe
Assumption University, Bangkok, Thailand

Tourism is usually described as having three major types of impacts on many of the places which tourists visit (Cooper et al, 1993). These effects are economic, environmental, and socio-cultural in nature (and some people have mentioned political consequences also). However, some impacts have been attributed to tourism though they may in fact originate elsewhere. Instead, more appropriate sources may be the media, the advertising & fashion industries, new industrial development, urbanisation, modern agriculture, mining and forestry projects, and government and military activity. But while all these factors can be described as frequent features of modern societies, it is widely believed that travel and tourism do generate impacts, including economic ones.

The Economic Impacts of Tourism

 

Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework 2008

United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division, 2008

The Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework 2008 is the result of considerable efforts dating back to the late 1970s.
Since the end of the 1970s, France has been using the term “satellite accounts” as a way of designating those statistical practices in specific horizontal areas related to the System of National Accounts though with a specific approach but that nonetheless could be considered as satellite subsystems of that System because of the strength of their link to the “core” system. France also developed operative plans for the quantification of the economic importance of tourism.

 

Estimating the Multiplier Effects of Tourism Expenditures on a Local Economy through a Regional Input-Output Model

Endre Horváth and Douglas C. Frechtling, 1999

Tourism benefits regional economies through increased output, labor earnings and employment. Tourism multipliers embody the total increase in output, labor earnings and employment through interindustry linkages in a region as a result of tourism expenditures. The RIMS II regional input-output model was employed to estimate the multiplier effects of visitor expenditures in Washington, D.C. Both normal and ratio multipliers were analyzed, and the latter was found to be a more reliable indicator of total impact. A comparison of multipliers for 37 industries and the tourism sector in the city shows that tourism ranks relatively high in terms of output and labor earnings generated. These findings suggest recommendations for the economic growth and development of Washington, D.C.

 



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